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Fastenal - Part of the 100 largest non-financial companies listed on NASDAQ

2004 Q4 Earnings Report

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2004 Q4 Earnings Report

Jan 19, 2005
2004 Q4 Earnings Report


The Fastenal Company of Winona, MN (NASDAQ Symbol FAST) reported the results of the twelve months and the quarter ended December 31, 2004. Dollar amounts are in thousands.

Net sales for the year ended December 31, 2004 totaled $1,238,492, an increase of 24.5% over net sales of $994,928 in 2003. Net earnings increased from $84,120 in 2003 to $130,989 in 2004, an increase of 55.7%. Basic earnings per share increased from $1.11 to $1.73 for the comparable periods.

Net sales for the three-month period ended December 31, 2004 totaled $318,465, an increase of 26.6% over net sales of $251,643 in the fourth quarter of 2003. Net earnings increased from $19,890 in the fourth quarter of 2003 to $33,269 in the fourth quarter of 2004, an increase of 67.3%. Earnings per share increased from $.26 to $.44 for the comparable periods.

During 2004, Fastenal opened 219 new store sites. The 219 new sites represent an increase of 16.7% since December 31, 2003. There were 5,502 site employees as of December 31, 2004, an increase of 14.2% from December 31, 2003.

Management's comments on 2004:
Note - Daily sales are defined as the sales for the month divided by the number of business days in the month.

The twelve months of 2001, 2002, 2003, and 2004, excluding the DIY Business, had daily sales growth rates of (compared to the comparable month in the preceding year):

Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec.
2001 20.0% 16.2% 11.4% 9.0% 9.4% 7.6% 7.4% 5.9% 4.8% 1.0% -0.5% 1.4%
2002 2.7% 4.8% 6.0% 9.3% 9.4% 11.0% 8.7% 10.4% 12.5% 13.3% 17.9% 11.6%
2003 13.3% 10.3% 14.5% 9.9% 9.5% 8.5% 11.0% 11.4% 10.8% 13.9% 14.5% 16.9%
2004 16.1% 20.1% 19.1% 22.1% 25.6% 25.7%  27.0%  24.9%  26.2% 27.6% 25.0% 27.4%

The twelve months of 2001, 2002, 2003, and 2004, including the DIY Business, had daily sales growth rates of (compared to the comparable month in the preceding year):

Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec.
2001 20.0% 16.2% 11.4% 9.0% 9.4% 7.6% 7.4% 5.9% 8.7% 4.1% 2.5% 5.1%
2002 5.6% 7.1% 8.9% 12.0% 12.3% 13.7% 11.6% 13.1% 11.0% 10.2% 14.3% 7.8%
2003 10.2% 7.9% 11.5% 7.2% 6.7% 6.0% 8.2% 8.8% 8.4% 13.7% 14.5% 16.9%
2004 16.1% 20.1% 19.1% 22.1% 25.6% 25.7%  27.0%  24.9%  26.2% 27.6% 25.0% 27.4%

The first table reflects growth rates of Fastenal excluding $16,974 and $8,526 of DIY Business net sales from January 1, 2002 to October 3, 2002 and from August 31, 2001 to December 31, 2001, respectively (the period of time the DIY Business was owned). Management has included the first table above because we believe it provides a consistent presentation of the growth rates of the organic store-based business and ongoing operations before, during, and after the period in which the DIY Business was owned and operated.

The daily sales growth rates in the first table above represent several trends. The first being a downward trend in the first eleven months of 2001, which reflected the overall weakening of the industrial economy we service in North America. This trend reversed itself from December 2001 to June 2002; this was partly due to changing comparisons in the prior year and partly due to stronger month-to-month (i.e. April to May and May to June) growth rates compared to 2001.

During July 2002, the daily sales growth rate decreased, began to improve again in August 2002 through November 2002, and slipped in December 2002, the final month of the year. The first six months of 2003 continued the choppy trend in net sales growth experienced in the second half of 2002, while the July 2003 to December 2004 time frame represents initial stabilization and improvement in the growth rates. The choppy trend, which the Company experienced from July 2002 until June 2003, reflects the alternating strengthening and weakening in the industrial economy during that period, while the July 2003 to December 2004 improvement reflects continued strengthening in the economy as it relates to the customers we sell to in North America and the impact of the CSP initiative (as discussed below). See also the impact of price increases included in the gross profit discussion below.

Gross profit margins in the 2004 and 2003 were 50.4% and 49.2%, respectively. The gross profit margins were 50.3%, 50.7%, 50.2%, and 50.4% in the first, second, third, and fourth quarters of 2004, respectively. The comparable percentages in 2003 were 49.5%, 49.5%, 49.0%, and 48.7%, respectively. The largest impact to Fastenal's gross profit margin relates to the impact of rising steel prices. As a reseller of industrial products, primarily steel-based industrial products, Fastenal has been forced to increase its selling prices. These increases resulted in approximately 3.0% to 4.0% of additional sales dollars in 2004. To date, the increases relate primarily to CSP (defined below) products, to changes in our wholesale (or list) pricing, and, to a lesser degree, increases in the selling prices to our key account customers; the latter being less immediate. The short-term gross profit margin benefited from these changes as the increased cost of new inventory, still on the shelf, is included in ending inventory, and is relieved through cost of goods over the three to six month 'turn' period between purchase and sale of the product. Some of this short-term benefit has been eliminated during 2004; however, Fastenal's ability to continue raising its prices in reaction to inbound product cost increases should allow us to retain some of the increased gross profit margin. The second factor impacting gross profit margins relates to the strength in our fastener product line in the current economy. This product line enjoys the highest gross profit margin percentage. The third impact is related to vendor incentive programs, including vendor freight allowances, early payment discounts, and rebates. The fourth impact is related to improvements in freight costs, primarily inbound. The fifth factor relates to the benefit of inventory depth discussed below. The strengthening economy and the related increase in selling activity have continued to positively impact these last two items. We expect the impact of the current economic activity to continue impacting our growth rates and the strength in our fastener business. This should allow us to maintain a portion of the improvements related to the first two factors, and should allow us to maintain most of the improvements related to vendor incentives, freight costs, and inventory depth.

Operating and administrative expenses in 2004 grew at a rate of 17.8%, a rate less than the net sales growth rate of 24.5% discussed above. This was primarily due to the tight management of employee numbers throughout the organization in all of 2003 and 2004. As discussed in our 2003 annual report, payroll and related expenses have historically represented approximately 70% of operating and administrative expenses. Effective management of this expense allows us to leverage the sales growth more effectively. We will continue to manage headcount in a similar fashion and expect to maintain most of the labor efficiency.

The income tax rate was approximately 37.1% in 2004, versus 38.3% in 2003. This rate fluctuates over time based on the income tax rates in the various jurisdictions in which we operate. During 2004, Fastenal reached an agreement with several of these jurisdictions regarding open tax matters. This resulted in an adjustment to the tax contingency reserve recorded in our financials statements. This benefit was realized during the fourth quarter of 2004. Absent this adjustment, our effective income tax rate in 2004 would have been approximately 38.0%, a rate we expect to continue in 2005.

Historically, the Company's long-term goal has been to continue opening approximately 10% to 15% new stores each year (calculated on the ending number of stores in the previous year). In July 2004, the Company increased this range to 13% to 18% (calculated on the same base as above) in response to the current economic strength we are experiencing. The Company operated 1,533 stores as of December 31, 2004; therefore the expected range of store openings in 2005 would be 200 to 275 new stores (13% to 18% openings). The Company opened 219 stores in 2004 (or an increase over December 31, 2003 of 16.7%), 151 new stores in 2003 (or an increase over December 31, 2002 of 12.9%) and 144 new store sites in 2002 (or an increase over December 31, 2001 of 14.0%). While the new stores continue to build the infrastructure for future growth, the first year sales are low, and the added expenses related to payroll, occupancy, and transportation costs do impact the Company's ability to leverage earnings. As disclosed in the past, it has been the Company's experience that new stores take approximately ten to twelve months to achieve profitability. The planned openings can be altered in a short time span, usually less than 60 to 90 days.

In addition to the planned store expansion, we continued our 'customer service project' (or CSP) in 2004. The goals of this project include the expansion of the products stocked at each store site as well as a more consistent display theme at each of these store sites. On December 31, 2004, 1,377 (or approximately 90%) of Fastenal's stores were operating with the CSP layout and product selection.

The Company's inventory grew approximately $74 million in 2004 (or 31.8% above the $233 million of inventory on December 31, 2003). The growth was primarily driven by four factors. The first factor relates to the growth of the Company's sales, and the inventory necessary to support the business. The second factor relates to the aforementioned price inflation on inbound product; this resulted in approximately $13 million of additional inventory. The third factor relates to the combined impact of the number of store locations opened (new stores) and the number of existing stores converted to the CSP format (converted stores). Combined, the new stores and converted stores resulted in approximately $19 million of additional inventory. The final factor relates to expansion of our manufacturer direct purchasing. Inventory purchased in this fashion turns slower than if purchased thru other suppliers, and resulted in approximately $23 million of additional inventory. While the inventory growth has impacted the Company's working capital model, the added depth of inventory allowed the Company to avoid certain 'fill in' buys during the year. These 'fill in' buys, while a necessary component of our supply chain, are typically at a premium and adversely impact gross margins. The Company expects the factors cited above will cause inventory to grow in 2005.

Additional information regarding certain Fastenal Company statistics for the current quarter is available on the Fastenal Company World Wide Web site at The Company discloses sales and store information on a monthly basis (except the sales for the third month of a quarter). This information is posted at on the third business day following the end of the first two months of a quarter. This press release contains statements that are not historical in nature and that are intended to be, and are hereby identified as, "forward looking statements" as defined in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, including statements regarding retaining a portion of the gross profit margin improvements, continuation of the improvements in vendor incentives and inbound freight costs, management of headcount and labor efficiency, the expected tax rate in 2005, increases in selling locations, the time it typically takes a new store to achieve profitability, the timeline for altering planned store openings, and the expectation inventory will grow in 2005. A change in the inbound inventory costs, from that currently being experienced, or the inability to increase selling prices, could cause gross profit margins to decline, a change from expected buying patterns could cause vendor incentives and inbound freight to be negatively impacted, a change in the economy, from that currently being experienced, could cause inbound inventory costs, vendor incentives, inbound freight, and the store openings to change from that expected, a change in the (1) overall business, (2) pricing pressure, (3) rate of new store openings, (4) continued conversion of existing stores to the CSP format, or (5) manufacturer direct purchasing could cause inventory to grow by a greater or lesser amount, changes in the management of headcount, and in sales growth and store openings, could impact the labor efficiency, and changes in the geographic source of income and/or the results of tax examinations could cause the actual tax rate to differ from the expected tax rate. A discussion of other risks and uncertainties is included in the Company's 2003 annual and 2004 quarterly reports under the section captioned "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations".


2004 Q4 Earnings Report, Page 2


Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Amounts in thousands except share information)

December 31,




Current assets:

Cash and cash equivalents




Marketable securities



Trade accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $5,181 and $4,070, respectively






Deferred income tax asset



Other current assets



Refundable income taxes



Total current assets



Marketable securities



Property and equipment, less accumulated depreciation



Other assets, less accumulated amortization



Total assets




Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity

Current liabilities:

Accounts payable




Accrued expenses



Income taxes payable


Total current liabilities



Deferred income tax liability



Stockholders' equity:

Preferred stock



Common stock 100,000,000 shares authorized; 75,877,376 shares issued and outstanding



Additional paid-in capital



Retained earnings



Accumulated other comprehensive income



Total stockholders' equity



Total liabilities and stockholders' equity





2004 Q4 Earnings Report, Page 3

Consolidated Statements of Earnings
(Amounts in thousands except earnings per share)

Year ended

Three months ended

December 31,

December 31,





Net sales







Cost of sales





Gross profit





Operating and administrative expenses





Loss on sale of property and equipment






Operating income





Interest income






Earnings before income taxes





Income tax expense





Net earnings





Basic net earnings per share







Diluted net earnings per share







Basic weighted average shares outstanding






Diluted weighted average shares outstanding






2004 Q4 Earnings Report, Page 4

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Amounts in thousands)

Year ended
December 31,

                  2004   2003

Cash flows from operating activities:
  Net earnings $ 130,989 84,120
  Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to net cash
    provided by operating activities:
      Depreciation of property and equipment 23,643 20,444
      Loss on sale of property and equipment 652  317 
      Bad debt expense 6,931 5,857
      Deferred income taxes (1,520) 3,503
      Tax benefit from exercise of stock options 4,248 1,973
      Amortization of non-compete agreement 67 67 
      Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
        Trade accounts receivable (40,675) (29,060)
        Inventories (74,449) (15,622)
        Other current assets (5,294) (2,839)
        Accounts payable (848) 14,341
        Accrued expenses 10,816 (464) 
        Income taxes, net 338 1,774
        Other 2,539 6,212

            Net cash provided by operating activities   57,437   90,623

Cash flows from investing activities:
  Purchases of property and equipment (52,687) (50,246)
Proceeds from sale of property and equipment 4,499 4,184
  Net decrease in marketable securities 4,903 6,535
  Increase in other assets (252) (206)

            Net cash used in investing activities   (43,537)   (39,733)

Cash flows from financing activities:
  Payment of dividends (30,350) (15,935)

            Net cash used in financing activities   (30,350)   (15,935)


Effect of exchange rate changes on cash   203   499

            Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents (16,247) 35,454
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period   49,750   14,296

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period $ 33,503   49,750

Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:
  Cash paid during each period for:
    Income taxes   $ 74,281   50,442