Fastenal Company Reports 2016 First Quarter Earnings
Net sales (and the related daily sales), pre-tax earnings, net earnings, and net earnings per share (basic) were as follows for the periods ended
|% of sales||20.3||%||21.4||%|
|Net earnings per share (basic)||$||0.44||0.43||2.3||%|
The table below summarizes our store employee count and our total employee count at the end of the periods presented. This is intended to demonstrate the change in energy (or capacity). Later in this document we discuss the average full-time equivalent employee count to help explain the expense trends in more detail. The final two items below summarize our investments in industrial vending machines and in store locations.
|End of period total store employee count||12,907||13,961||13,658||5.8||%||-2.2||%|
|Change in total store employee count||751||-303|
|End of period total employee count||19,218||20,746||20,509||6.7||%||-1.1||%|
|Change in total employee count||1,291||-237|
|Industrial vending machines (installed device count)||48,545||55,510||56,889||17.2||%||2.5||%|
|Number of store locations||2,624||2,622||2,626||0.1||%||0.2||%|
Recap of growth drivers during the quarter:
(1) During 2015, we added 1,668 people into our stores. We are currently holding back on headcount additions in all areas except for vending support and our IT development center. As noted above, our store employee count has dropped by 303 since the end of
(2) After several years of holding back on store openings and even contracting our total store base, we plan to expand our pace of store openings in 2016 with a goal of opening 40 to 60 new stores (an increase of approximately 2% over our number of stores as of
(3) We are seeing a very strong pace of national account signings (defined as new customer accounts with a multi-site contract). In the first quarter of 2016 and 2015, we signed 50 and 35 new contracts, respectively. In the recent past (2011 to 2014), the typical ratio of growth versus contraction in sales to our top-100 customers was 3:1 (75 grew and 25 contracted). By the fourth quarter of 2015 the ratio was at parity; 49 grew (32 with growth of 10% or more) and 51 contracted (37 with contraction of 10% or more). In the first quarter of 2016 this ratio has improved slightly; 53 grew (38 with growth of 10% or more) and 47 contracted (31 with contraction of 10% or more).
(4) We have continued to expand our Onsite business (defined as dedicated sales and service provided from within the customer's facility). Our goal is to sign 200 Onsite customer locations in 2016, and we signed 48 in the first quarter of 2016. During 2015 we signed 82 new Onsite customer locations, of which 58 became operational in 2015, and another 18 became operational in the first quarter of 2016. Of the remaining six locations, four are scheduled for implementation in the second quarter of 2016, and the final two were canceled due to a market slowdown.
(5) We converted approximately 185 additional stores to the CSP 16 (
(6) The net sales of our Canadian business, which grew about 7% in 'local currency' based on local business days during the first quarter of 2016, improved from approximately 4% growth in the fourth quarter of 2015.
The following sections contain an overview of Sales and Sales Trends and Cash Flow Impact Items which contain a more in-depth discussion of the following:
- Sales growth, monthly
sales changes, sequential trends, and end market performance - a recap of our recent sales trends and some insight into the activities with different end markets.
- Operational working capital, balance sheet and cash flow - a recap of the operational working capital utilized in our business, and the related cash flow.
This document is laid out with a brief narrative and supplemental information focusing on the most important aspects of our business in the current environment. Those aspects include: (1) what's driving the weakness in sales growth, and (2) what is happening within the cash flow statement as we have been buying back some of our common stock and modifying our capital expenditure plans.
The most important thing to note before you read this is to remember
First and foremost, we are a fastener distributor. We have been in this business for almost 50 years. We are good at it. We have strong capabilities at sourcing and procurement, at quality control, at logistics, and at local customer service. Each of these capabilities is focused on the customer at the end of the supply chain. This business is split about 60% production/construction needs and about 40% maintenance needs. The former is a great business, but it can be cyclical because about 75% of our manufacturing customer base is engaged in some type of heavy manufacturing. The sale of production fasteners is also a sticky business in the short-term as it is expensive and time consuming for our customers to change their supplier relationships. While our customer base values the capabilities we bring to the table, in the last seven quarters this group of customers has seen a contraction in its production and therefore its need for fasteners. During this time frame, our fastener product line has seen its daily growth decrease from about 10% growth in the last six months of 2014 to about 6% contraction in the fourth quarter of 2015 and about 2% contraction in the first quarter of 2016. Said another way, our market share gains continue to be strong, but the contraction in purchases from our existing customers, plus some price deflation, has eliminated our growth and created contraction, which lessened from the fourth quarter of 2015 to the first quarter of 2016.
Second, we have a non-fastener maintenance and supply business. We have actively pursued this business in the last 20 to 25 years. The capabilities we developed as a fastener distributor, described above, provide a backbone to growing this ‘newer' business. This backbone has been enhanced in the last five years with our added capabilities in industrial vending. Given our local customer service, we believe we have a structural advantage in the industrial vending business. There is more to industrial vending than the device or the financial resources to deploy; we believe the ability to replenish with a local team from an integrated supply chain network (i.e., the 'Team behind the Machine') is critical to the long-term success of this channel. Because of these capabilities, the non-fastener business remains more resilient. However, similar to our fastener business, our non-fastener business has generally weakened in the last seven quarters. During this time frame, daily sales of our non-fastener product line experienced growth of about 18% in the last six months of 2014, contracted to about 2% growth in the fourth quarter of 2015, and improved slightly to about 5% growth in the first quarter of 2016.
Please read through the detailed Sales and Sales Trends section later in this document for additional insight.
Our gross profit decreased from 50.8% in the first quarter of 2015 and 49.9% in the fourth quarter of 2015 to 49.8% in the first quarter of 2016. The relationship between sales and gross profit depends on our success within our large account business (an area that is still under-represented in our customer mix). The large account end market produces a below average gross profit; however, it generally leverages our existing network of capabilities and allows us to enjoy strong incremental operating
income growth. This customer mix change (large versus smaller), as well as our product mix change (from fasteners to non-fasteners), over time are a constant drain on our gross profit. We continued to face these headwinds during the first quarter of 2016 as our national accounts sales grew approximately 5%. We expect the customer mix and product mix change to continue into the future. We saw a noticeable squeezing of discretionary spending by our customers in November and
In regards to operating expenses, we added 1,291 people to the
|Average full-time equivalent store employee count||10,421||11,436||11,473||10.1||%||0.3||%|
|Average full-time equivalent total employee count||15,544||16,901||17,096||10.0||%||1.2||%|
|Note - Full-time equivalent is based on 40 hours per week.|
We touched on our industrial vending earlier, but here is a quick recap: During the first quarter of 2016, we
signed 4,647 devices (we signed 4,016 devices in the fourth quarter of 2015 and we signed 3,962 devices during the first quarter of 2015), our installed device count on
Finally, some thoughts on capital allocation: During the latter half of 2014, throughout 2015, and into the first quarter of 2016, we have been modifying our capital allocation by buying back some common stock. One factor influencing our stock buybacks is our external valuation.
Our relative stock valuation had weakened over the last several years, which prompted us to reassess our cash deployment. To this end, we have spent approximately
SALES AND SALES TRENDS
While reading these items, it is helpful to appreciate several aspects of our marketplace: (1) it's big, the North American marketplace for industrial supplies is estimated to be in excess of
Our motto is Growth through Customer Service®. This is important given the points noted above. We believe in efficient markets - to us, this means we can grow our market share if we provide the greatest value to our customers. We believe our ability to grow is amplified if we can service our customers at the closest economic point of contact. For us, this 'closest economic point of contact' is the local store; therefore, our focus centers on understanding our customers' day, their opportunities, and their obstacles.
The concept of growth is simple, find more customers every day and increase our activity with them. However, execution is hard work. First, we recruit service-minded individuals to support our customers and their business. Second, we operate in a decentralized fashion to help identify the greatest value for our customers. Third, we have a great team behind the store to operate efficiently and to help identify new business solutions. Fourth, we do these things every day. Finally, we strive to generate strong profits; these profits produce the cash flow necessary to fund our growth and to support the needs of our customers.
Note - Daily sales are defined as the total net sales for the period divided by the number of business days (in
Net sales and daily sales were as follows:
|Impact of currency fluctuations (primarily ||-0.8||%||-1.0||%|
The increase in net sales in the periods noted for 2016 and 2015
came primarily from higher unit sales. The higher unit sales resulted primarily from increases in sales at older store locations and to a lesser degree the opening of new store locations in the last several years. Net sales were also impacted by some price deflation in our fastener products, which was a drag on growth. Our growth in net sales was not meaningfully impacted by the introduction of new products or services, with one exception. Over the last several years, our industrial vending initiative has stimulated faster growth with a subset of our customers. The impact on net sales of the change in currencies in foreign countries (primarily
MONTHLY SALES CHANGES, SEQUENTIAL TRENDS, AND END MARKET PERFORMANCE
This section focuses on three distinct views of our business - monthly sales changes, sequential trends, and end market performance. The first discussion regarding monthly sales changes provides a good mechanical view of our business based on the age of our stores. The second discussion provides a framework for understanding the sequential trends (that is, comparing a month to the immediately preceding month, and also looking at the cumulative change from an earlier benchmark month) in our business. Finally, we believe the third discussion regarding end market performance provides insight into activities with our various types of customers.
Monthly Sales Changes:
All company sales - During the months noted below, all of our selling locations, when combined, had daily sales growth rates of (compared to the same month in the preceding year):
Stores opened greater than two years - Our stores opened greater than two years (store sites opened as follows: 2016 group - opened 2014 and earlier, 2015 group - opened 2013 and earlier, and 2014 group - opened 2012 and earlier) represent a consistent 'same-store' view of our business. During the months noted below, the stores opened greater than two years had daily sales growth rates of (compared to the same month in the preceding year):
Stores opened greater than five years - The impact of the economy, over time, is best reflected in the growth performance of our stores opened greater than five years (store sites opened as follows: 2016 group - opened 2011 and earlier, 2015 group - opened 2010 and earlier, and 2014 group - opened 2009 and earlier). This group, which represented about 90% of our total sales in the first three months of 2016, is more cyclical due to the increased market share they enjoy in their local markets. During the months noted below, the stores opened greater than five years had daily sales growth rates of (compared to the same month in the preceding year):
Summarizing comments - There are three distinct influences to our growth: (1) execution, (2) currency fluctuations, and (3) economic fluctuations. This discussion centers on (2) and (3).
The change in currencies in foreign countries (primarily
Beginning in 2013, the fastener product line was heavily impacted by our industrial production business. These customers utilize our fasteners in the manufacture/assembly of their finished products. The end markets with the most pronounced weakening included heavy machinery manufacturers with exposure to: mining, military, agriculture, and construction. Our sales to customers engaged in light and medium duty manufacturing (largely related to consumer products) began to improve late in 2013 and into 2014. This made sense given the trends in the PMI Index at that time.
In the first quarter of 2014, our sales growth was hampered in January and February due to a weak economy and foreign exchange rate fluctuations (primarily related to the Canadian dollar); however, the biggest impact was a severe winter in
During 2015, our business weakened. As mentioned in prior disclosures, the weakening initially involved customers tied to the oil and gas sector, but grew during the course of the year to include customers across additional industries and in geographic areas not typically associated with the oil and gas sector. In November and December one distinct trend emerged involving customer plant shutdowns. This is not uncommon during the holiday season; however, we experienced a greater frequency and duration of shutdowns than in prior years during both late November and late December, with the trend more pronounced in late December.
As we indicated last fall, our customers are struggling with a weak economy. During the first quarter of 2016, the impact of seasonal plant shutdowns subsided and the true nature of the economy began to shine through. It indicates some improvements, but an economy that is still very weak. The first three months of 2016, as well as April and May of 2016, have some unusual 'noise' due to changing business day counts. The extra day in each of February, March, and May
will tend to 'understate' the daily sales growth percentage and the missing day in January and April will tend to 'overstate' the daily sales growth number. The movement of Easter into
We find it helpful to think about the monthly sequential changes in our business using the analogy of climbing a stairway - This stairway has several predictable landings where there is a pause in the sequential gain (i.e. April, July, and October to December), but generally speaking, climbs from January to October. The October landing then establishes the benchmark for the start of the next year.
History has identified
these landings in our business cycle. They generally relate to months with impaired business days (certain holidays). The first landing centers on Easter, which alternates between March and April (Easter occurred in
The table below shows the pattern to the sequential change in our daily sales. The line labeled 'Benchmark' is an historical average of our sequential daily sales change for the period 1998 to 2013, excluding 2008 and 2009. We believe this time frame will serve to show the historical pattern and could serve as a benchmark for current performance. We excluded the 2008 to 2009 time frame because it contains an extreme economic event and we don't believe it is comparable. The '2016', '2015', and '2014' lines represent our actual sequential daily sales changes. The '16Delta', '15Delta', and '14Delta' lines indicate the difference between the 'Benchmark' and the actual results in the respective year.
(1) The January figures represent the percentage change from the previous October, whereas the remaining figures represent the percentage change from the previous month.
A graph of the sequential daily sales change pattern discussed above, starting with a base of '100' in the previous October and ending with the next October, would be as follows:
End Market Performance:
Fluctuations in end market business - The sequential trends noted above were directly linked to fluctuations in our end markets. To place this in perspective - approximately 50% of our business has historically been with customers engaged in some type of manufacturing. The daily sales growth rates to these customers, when compared to the same period in the prior year, were as follows:
As indicated earlier, our manufacturing business consists of two subsets: the industrial production business (this is business where we supply products that become part of the finished goods produced by our customers and is sometimes referred to as OEM - original equipment manufacturing) and the maintenance portion (this is business where we supply products that maintain the facility or the equipment of our customers engaged in manufacturing and is sometimes referred to as MRO - maintenance, repair, and operations). The industrial business is more fastener centered, while the maintenance portion is represented by all product categories.
The best way to understand the change in our industrial production business is to examine the results in our fastener product line (just under 40% of our business) which is heavily influenced by changes in our business with heavy equipment manufacturers. From a company perspective, daily sales growth rates of fasteners, when compared to the same period in the prior year, were as follows (note: this information includes all end markets):
By contrast, the best way to understand the change in the maintenance portion of the manufacturing business is to examine the results in our non-fastener product lines. From a company perspective, daily sales growth rates of non-fasteners, when compared to the same period in the prior year, were as follows (note: this information includes all end markets):
The non-fastener business demonstrated greater relative resilience over the last several years, when compared to our fastener business and to the distribution industry in general, due to our strong industrial vending program. However, this business was not immune to the impact of a weak industrial environment.
Our non-residential construction customers have historically represented 20% to 25% of our business. The daily sales growth rates to these customers, when compared to the same period in the prior year, were as follows:
Our non-residential construction business is heavily influenced by the industrial economy, particularly the energy sector. The volatility and weakness of energy prices has weakened this business, particularly in the last four quarters.
A graph of the sequential daily sales trends to these two end markets in 2016, 2015, and 2014, starting with a base of '100' in the previous October and ending with the next October, would be as follows:
CASH FLOW IMPACT ITEMS
As indicated earlier, we included this section to provide some added insight into the items that impact our cash flow.
OPERATIONAL WORKING CAPITAL
The year-over-year comparison and the related dollar and percentage changes related to accounts receivable, net and inventories were as follows:
|Accounts receivable, net||$||533,485||521,094||473,181||$||12,391||47,913||2.4||%||10.1||%|
|Operational working capital(1)||$||1,498,539||1,389,016||1,267,168||$||109,523||121,848||7.9||%||9.6||%|
|Sales in last two months||$||678,326||639,843||583,324||$||38,483||56,519||6.0||%||9.7||%|
(1) For purposes of this discussion, we are defining operational working capital as accounts receivable, net and inventories.
The growth in net accounts receivable noted above was driven by our sales growth in the final two months of the period. The strong growth in recent years of our international business and of our large customer accounts has created meaningful difficulty with managing the growth of accounts receivable relative to the growth in sales.
Our growth in inventory balances over time does not have as direct a relationship to our monthly sales patterns as does our growth in accounts receivable. This is impacted by other aspects of our business. For example, the dramatic economic slowdown
in late 2008 and early 2009 caused our inventory to spike. This occurred because the lead time for inventory procurement is typically longer than the visibility we have into future monthly sales patterns. Over the last decade, we increased our relative inventory levels due to the following: (1) new store openings, (2) expanded stocking breadth at distribution centers (for example, our master stocking hub in
BALANCE SHEET AND CASH FLOW
Our balance sheet continues to be very strong and our operations have good cash generating characteristics. Our operating cash flow as a percentage of net earnings was weaker in the first quarter of 2016 than in the first quarter of 2015 due to our current initiative to add additional products into store inventory under our CSP 16 format. Our first quarter typically has stronger cash flow characteristics due to the timing of tax payments; this benefit reverses itself in the second, third, and fourth quarters as income tax payments go out in April, June, September, and December. The remaining amounts of cash flow from operating activities are largely linked to the pure dynamics of a distribution business and its strong correlation to working capital as discussed above. During 2015, and the first quarter of 2016, we incurred some debt to fund capital expenditures, purchases of our common stock, and payments of dividends as discussed earlier in this document.
Operating cash flow as a percentage of net earnings were as follows in 2016 and 2015:
Our dividends (on a per share basis) were as follows in 2016 and 2015:
(1) The second quarter dividend was declared on
During the first quarter of 2016, we purchased 1,600,000 shares of our common stock at an average price of approximately
CONFERENCE CALL TO DISCUSS QUARTERLY EARNINGS
As we previously disclosed, we will host a conference call today to review the quarterly results, as well as current operations. This conference call will be broadcast live over the
ANNUAL MEETING OF SHAREHOLDERS PRESENTATION
MONTHLY, QUARTERLY, AND ANNUAL REPORTING SCHEDULE
We publish on the 'Investor Relations' page of our website at www.fastenal.com, both our monthly consolidated net sales figures and certain quarterly supplemental information. We expect to publish the consolidated net sales figures for each month, other than the third month of a quarter, at
We anticipate our quarterly reports on Form 10-Q will be filed with the
We anticipate our 2016 annual report on Form 10-K will be filed with the
Certain statements contained in this document do not relate strictly to historical or current facts. As such, they are considered 'forward-looking statements' that provide current expectations or forecasts of future events. These
forward-looking statements are made pursuant to the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Such statements can be identified by the use of terminology such as anticipate, believe, should, estimate, expect, intend, may, will, plan, goal, project, hope, trend, target, opportunity, and similar words or expressions, or by references to typical outcomes. Any statement that is not a historical fact, including estimates, projections, future trends, and the outcome of events that have not yet occurred, is a forward-looking statement. Our forward-looking statements generally relate to our expectations regarding the business environment in which we operate, our projections of future performance, our perceived marketplace opportunities, and our strategies, goals, mission, and vision. You should understand that forward-looking statements involve a variety of
risks and uncertainties, known and unknown, and may be affected by inaccurate assumptions. Consequently, no forward-looking statement can be guaranteed and actual results may vary materially. Factors that could cause our actual results to differ from those discussed in the forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, economic downturns, weakness in the manufacturing or commercial construction industries, competitive pressure on selling prices, changes in our current mix of products, customers or geographic locations, changes in our average store size, changes in our purchasing patterns, changes in customer needs, changes in fuel or commodity prices, inclement weather, changes in foreign currency exchange rates, difficulty in adapting our business model to different foreign business environments, weak acceptance or adoption of vending technology or increased competition in
industrial vending, difficulty in maintaining installation quality as our industrial vending business expands, the entering into of future arrangements with customers to lease a significant number of industrial vending machines (which could cause unexpected increases in capital expenditures or the need for additional hiring), difficulty in hiring, relocating, training or retaining qualified personnel, failure to accurately predict the number of North American markets able to support stores or to meet store opening goals, difficulty in controlling operating expenses, difficulty in collecting receivables or accurately predicting future inventory needs, dramatic changes in sales trends, changes in supplier production lead times, changes in our cash position or our need to make capital expenditures, changes in credit market volatility, changes in tax law, changes in the availability or price
of commercial real estate, changes in the nature, price or availability of distribution, supply chain, and other technology (including software licensed from third parties) and services related to that technology, cyber-security incidents, potential liability and reputational damage that can arise if our products are defective, and other risks and uncertainties detailed in our filings with the
|FASTENAL COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES|
|Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets|
|(Amounts in thousands except share information)|
|Cash and cash equivalents||$||150,552||129,019|
|Trade accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of ||533,485||468,375|
|Prepaid income taxes||—||22,558|
|Other current assets||118,089||131,561|
|Total current assets||1,767,180||1,664,776|
|Property and equipment, net||826,736||818,889|
|Other assets, net||48,865||48,797|
|Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity|
|Current portion of debt||$||7,610||62,050|
|Income taxes payable||56,216||—|
|Total current liabilities||401,673||373,166|
|Deferred income tax liabilities||56,842||55,057|
|Preferred stock, 5,000,000 shares authorized||—||—|
|Common stock, 400,000,000 shares authorized, 288,872,549 and 289,581,682 shares issued and outstanding, respectively||2,889||2,896|
|Additional paid-in capital||24,716||2,024|
|Accumulated other comprehensive loss||(32,687||)||(46,403||)|
|Total stockholders' equity||1,821,876||1,801,289|
|Total liabilities and stockholders' equity||$||2,642,781||2,532,462|
|FASTENAL COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES|
|Condensed Consolidated Statements of Earnings|
|(Amounts in thousands except earnings per share)|
|Three Months Ended|
|Cost of sales||495,220||469,267|
|Operating and administrative expenses||290,181||280,387|
|Loss (gain) on sale of property and equipment||106||(108||)|
|Earnings before income taxes||199,851||203,512|
|Income tax expense||73,624||75,906|
|Basic net earnings per share||$||0.44||0.43|
|Diluted net earnings per share||$||0.44||0.43|
|Basic weighted average shares outstanding||288,808||295,238|
|Diluted weighted average shares outstanding||289,124||295,937|
|FASTENAL COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES|
|Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows|
|(Amounts in thousands)|
|Three Months Ended|
|Cash flows from operating activities:|
|Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to net cash provided by operating activities:|
|Depreciation of property and equipment||23,286||19,412|
|Loss (gain) on sale of property and equipment||106||(108||)|
|Bad debt expense||2,070||2,883|
|Deferred income taxes||1,785||416|
|Excess tax benefits from stock-based compensation||(5,092||)||(451||)|
|Amortization of non-compete agreements||132||132|
|Changes in operating assets and liabilities:|
|Trade accounts receivable||(64,372||)||(66,065||)|
|Other current assets||13,472||18,140|
|Net cash provided by operating activities||161,362||180,105|
|Cash flows from investing activities:|
|Purchases of property and equipment||(29,681||)||(43,922||)|
|Proceeds from sale of property and equipment||949||1,663|
|Net cash used in investing activities||(28,932||)||(42,282||)|
|Cash flows from financing activities:|
|Borrowings under credit facility||180,000||175,000|
|Payments against credit facility||(175,000||)||(140,000||)|
|Proceeds from exercise of stock options||20,514||2,080|
|Excess tax benefits from stock-based compensation||5,092||451|
|Purchases of common stock||(59,440||)||(81,865||)|
|Payments of dividends||(86,522||)||(82,846||)|
|Net cash used in financing activities||(115,356||)||(127,180||)|
|Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents||4,459||(4,349||)|
|Net increase in cash and cash equivalents||21,533||6,294|
|Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period||129,019||114,496|
|Cash and cash equivalents at end of period||$||150,552||120,790|
|Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:|
|Cash paid for interest||$||1,389||358|
|Net cash (received) paid for income taxes||$||(12,197||)||16,292|
Ellen TresterFinancial Reporting & Regulatory Compliance Manager 507-313-7282
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